Show me:

Musculoskeletal disorders

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most commonly reported causes of occupational ill health in Great Britain.

They include disorders of the back, upper limbs and lower limbs, the former two being the most common. MSDs are prevalent in all sectors but agriculture, fisheries, logistics and transport, construction and health and social care have significantly higher than average rates. Both physical and psychosocial factors can contribute to work-related MSDs, and they can be aggravated by people's activities outside work and their general health and fitness.

MSD Online Assessment Tool / Manual Handling Assessment Tool

All-in-one digital solution for the well renowned MAC tool.

Save 20 percent with Manager Legal Titles Pack

Also available from the HSE:

Manual Handling

INDG269 Managing musculoskeletal disorders in checkout work: A brief guide (PDF)

INDG171 Managing upper limb disorders in the workplace: A brief guide PDF (PDF)

INDG439 Reducing manual handling risks in carpet retail (PDF)

INDG398 Making the best use of lifting and handling aids (PDF)

Online tutorial on how to use the Manual handling assessment chart (MAC) tool

HSG196 Moving food and drinks: Manual handling solutions for the food and drinks industries (PDF)

Roll cages and wheeled racks


Picking up the pieces: Prevention of musculoskeletal disorders in the ceramics industry (PDF)

General Guidance

Management of Health and Safety at Work

Workplace Health, Safety and Welfare